23rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry
Organized in June, 1861, Under Colonel William S. Rosecrans, who being promoted, was succeeded by Colonel E.P. Scammon, it served in West Virginia until August, when it transferred to the Potomac army, and under McClellan, fought at South Mountain and Antietam. The Regiment lost over 200 men in these engagements. In March, 1863, it moved to the Kanawha Valley and joined General Crook's raid on the Virginia and Tennessee railroad, in April, 1864. In June it joined Hunter's march on Lynchburg; returned to Charleston July 1st, then proceeded to Martinsburg. It engaged in the battle of Winchester, July 24th, losing 150 men; and fought at Opequan on the 19th of September. After Sheridan's victories on the Shenandoah the regiment returned to Martinsburg and remained in the neighborhood until the close of the war. It was mustered out July 26th, 1865. The members of this Regiment gained distinction in military and civilian life. W.S. Rosecrans became a noted general. R.B. Hayes and W.S. McKinley became President of the United States. Stanley Matthews became a United States Senator.